Monday, 27 February 2017


In school, every good teacher promotes a student to ask question. Asking a question is a good practice. But can we follow this practice in INDIAN democracy?

Unlike many other nations that gained independence from colonial rule but descended into dictatorships and military rule, India has remained a democracy, despite its size and diversity. The credit goes to diversity and institutional structures of India.

One of the institutional structures is Election Commission. Election commission has done a tremendous job to empower citizen of India and promote them to take part in festival of democracy by exercising their right to vote. The power of RIGHT TO VOTE has strengthened the Indian democracy. The ideas of constitution & democracy which we inherited from our forefathers have survived and prosper in the form of right to vote.

The process of election which we inherited, with time has seen lots of changes & challenges.  Challenges like involvement of vast unaccounted money, influencing the election process for special interests by sponsoring high-spending misleading campaigns are a threat to democracy. Democracy is a process where voices of a common are herd. But few people having lots of money & ability to fund the political campaign and mislead the crowd, are threats to democracy. There is a need for electoral reform.

Recently Indian government announced the electoral reform
1)      Receive donations more than 2,000 in check or in digital transaction
2)      Political parties file Income tax return with in time frame
3)      Claimed to follow the advice of election commission in proposing a cap of 2,000 on the amount of cash donation that a particular political party can receive from one person in a year.
4)      Scheme of electoral bonds

Criticism of electoral reform
These reforms have some criticism like receiving of donations in check/digital transaction or filing of income tax in prescribed time is not much different from what existing laws says. Before these reforms, political parties used to receive money in check/digital transaction but in fewer ratios as compare to cash. As there is no cap in receiving the amount of money by check or digital transaction, or political parties can receive donations only in check or digital transaction, so I think there was no need to make a new law which is equivalent to rewrite of previous law.

Delay of single day in Filing income tax return by individual or corporate sector result in the penalty, but the new financial bill section 13 A clause (d) of income tax act 1961 does not have a provision for penalty for late submission of income tax return by political parties.  No political parties will get penalised for non-compliance. Tax exemption may or may not drive political parties to file income tax return with in time limit.

The existing limit of anonymous cash donation (20,000) as per section 23 A of REPRESENTATION OF PUBLIC ACT (RPA) has been untouched. And a new clause has been added, that limit the anonymous cash donation from one source to 2,000 in one year. There is no maximum limit to amount of anonymous cash donation received by a political party. The proposal by election commission of receiving 20 crore or 20% of overall donations from anonymous source is not accepted by the government.

The attempt of bringing transparency in the account books of political parties has failed as the most political funds will remain in the bags (political funds are large amount, that can’t be stored in pockets, to keep this heavy amount political leaders need bags!) of political leaders and small amount will go in the coffers of political parties which will be used for expenses which cannot remain invisible.

Now the question raises that huge amount of money paid to political parties is voluntary contribution or donation. This is very difficult to digest that some business men have voluntary contributed crores of rupees to any political parties, as the businesses are done on the principle of making profits. So, are these donations an investment for a return? Or are these anonymous funds are black money generated by political leaders?  This new proposed law for accepting anonymous 2,000 will only ensure more account book entries and tiring work load to cross check there account books.
The secrecy of electoral bonds will not help income tax or election commission. They will not be able to know about donors or beneficiaries, but the donor will enjoy 100% tax benefit by purchase of election bonds.

So, this is not the end of road for election reforms, this is only an initiation for a series of reforms.

So, this is not the end of road for election reforms, this is only an initiation for a series of reforms. Now we can propose a new law in which the resident citizen of India can directly ask questions from its government in parliament or in assembly (like in Panchayati raj system). In parliament we have QUESTION HOUR, where MPs ask question from ministers similarly we can have CITIZEN’s HOUR where resident citizen of India can directly ask questions from minsters, MP and oppositions which constantly disrupt the house. These questions will be recorded like other proceedings of house.
This will promote transparency; pressurize the MPs to let the house function smoothly, accountability of MPs & ministers will rise, and the tax payer will be able to know about the application of his tax. A tax payer has a right to know, what happens to his tax or why allotted budget was not expenditure for the purpose which it was allotted. 

An ordinary voter has a complaint that after elections ends, the new government forget their citizens. Now after this law, these ordinary voters can directly ask questions from their government in every session of house.

We have RTI, which work for transparency in the system and provide valid information about government and its work, but the rise in pending cases of RTI in information commission and delay in transfer of information has not served its purposes.

Now the biggest problem with this provision is how to choose few question from 120 crore of populations of India.

Eligibility: to ask question in parliament or assembly
i)        Should be a resident citizen of India
ii)       Should have voted in previous 5 year elections(including parliamentary, assembly, panchayat or municipality elections) and exemption to first time voters
iii)     Should have filed previous year income tax return (exemption to students and homemakers/housewives). Tax payer has a right to ask what happens to his tax money.

First the individual have to fulfill these eligibility criteria, and a lottery system can be used to choose few questions from crores of questions. And there should be strictly no repetition of question or individuals i.e. if an individual has asked question then that individual will not be able to ask question again in that financial year term of that government and once a question asked the same question cannot be repeated by other individual of same nature.

This RIGHT TO ASK QUESTION can provide a mechanism to ensure that citizens’ voices counterbalance a legislature unresponsive to peoples’ interests. The time has come to recommit ourselves to a deeper and more participatory democracy; a democracy with greater alignment between public policy and people’s interests.

Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choices are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore is education- Franklin d, Roosevelt

The wise man does not give the right answers, he poses the right questions- Claude Levi-Strauss

JNU Demon Tries a 'Sneak in' into Delhi University! Dangers Await

The wounds of JNU are still fresh on the body of our nation which is undergoing several injuries already. Afzal Guru to Yakub, Burhan Wani to Bastar's Azadi, the debate has been going on. The separatists are on the roads everywhere and eagerly waiting for the chance to get their bodies into the university campuses across the nation. We have already seen the seminars which are organised to bash our armed forces and sing the choruses for terrorists, naxals and simply anybody who is standing against the nation. Our sadak chhap netas who are ready to reduced to dust in the coming elections, never let loose a chance for the cheap publicity and just jump into these fire to act like petrol. Rahul Gandhi, Sri 420 (Kejriwal) and many other leftists have already done it this time as well. We all know the episode in detail - why it started, when it began and how did it go. I will not go into the technical details of the Delhi University nationalism vs antinationalism incident that happened 4-5 days ago. Today, there was a Tiranga yatra organised by the students of ABVP who are standing against the anti-national sloganeering on the campus. 

Monday, 20 February 2017


 olympics games TOKYO 2020 become greener

We all know that games unite the diverse population of the world and Olympic Games are based on the principals of unity, friendship, development of humankind, blending sport with culture and education.

Now, these Olympics games have become greener. In coming Olympics games - Tokyo 2020 the organizers of the Olympics games Tokyo 2020 launched a nationwide “green” initiative, as they called on the Japanese population to donate their discarded or obsolete electronic devices. The aim is that the metal collected from these devices will be used in the production of the medals for the games & engage all of japan in medal initiative.

This project highlights Tokyo 2020’s commitments to engage the whole Japanese nation and to offer to everyone the opportunity to play a role in the Games’ preparations. It also responds directly to Recommendation 4 of Olympic Agenda 2020 that states sustainability be integrated into all aspects of the planning and execution of the Games.
Two partner companies were appointed at a Tokyo 2020 executive board meeting, NTT DOCOMO and Japan Environmental Sanitation Center (JESC) for collection of discarded electronics and recycle them. From April, collection boxes will be installed in more than 2,400 NTT DOCOMO stores and an undecided number of public offices throughout the country. The collection will end when the 8-ton target is reached.
The organising committee aims to collect as much as eight tons of metal (gold: 40 kg - silver: 4,920 kg - bronze: 2,944 kg), which after the production process will result in two tons, an amount needed to produce 5,000 Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic medals.
This initiative will not only help japan to reduce its Olympic bill but also help in the reduction of electronic waste & its recycle.  This initiative is remarkable approach to given chance to the citizen of japan to directly be the part of this game. This step will also create awareness in the citizen of japan about recycling of discarded or obsolete electronic devices. 
The initiative has already been hailed by some of the athletes who will be leading the charge for medals in Tokyo.
Japanese gymnast Kohei Uchimura was full of praise for the initiative.
“Computers and smart phones have become useful tools,” said the three-time Olympic gold medalist. “However, I think it is wasteful to discard devices every time there is a technological advance and new models appear.
“Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic medals will be made out of people’s thoughts and appreciation for avoiding waste. I think there is an important message in this for future generations.”
“An Olympic medal is one of the most coveted items in existence,” added US decathlete Ashton Eaton, two-time Olympic gold medalist and world record holder. “People spend decades, often agonising ones, working to obtain one. The life stories of so many are defined by the pursuit of these metal medallions, and those same stories are what inspire and bring millions of us together.
“Now, thanks to the Tokyo 2020 Medal Project not only do the athletes inspire with their stories, but each medal itself has a story of its own,” added Eaton. “The best part is that each citizen has a chance to contribute to the story, to raise awareness about a sustainable future and to make a unique contribution. And, most excitingly, they have a chance to be part of the Olympic journey.
“The weight of a medal around your neck is always a good weight,” explained the American. “When an athlete at Tokyo wins a medal, the weight of it will not be from the gold, silver, or bronze; it will be the weight of a nation. The awesomeness of this project makes me want to come out of retirement and compete for one.
Tokyo 2020 spokesperson Hikariko Ono said, “We believe this initiative will contribute to a sustainable Tokyo 2020 Games, and we are looking forward to the active engagement of partner organisations and the general public to help make it a success.

These games will create a history where medals will be given by the citizens of japan and celebrating the spirit of games and humanism.  

ILN is now on Blogger!

ILN has downgraded from a shared hosting with wordpress platform to the free hosting with a custom domain on blogger. We have made this move because of many reasons. The first being the limitations on the server that web hosting providers put were not helping us in putting forth our ideas freely. We could not upload images; we could not execute the scripts in our plugins; and also, the site was working terribly slow. The ILN Team wants more and more space as well as fast processing of the requests because we want to write more and more. We hope that this transition will help us reaching our goals.

The lesson that we have learnt is sometimes the paid services are not well enough! You need to rely on free services which have established names in the respective fields. And blogger, as we all know, is time-tested and prime!

We will keep sharing our opinions whenever we feel like doing so. Please keep reading our shares and also keep sharing those to help us reaching the maximum numbers. 

Monday, 13 February 2017

Empowerment of the Scheduled Cast Community: - Contribution of BabuJagjivan Ram

Empowerment of the Scheduled Cast Community: - Contribution of Babu Jagjivan Ram

Jagjivan Ram, endearingly called Babuji, was a freedom fighter, a politician and a crusader for social justice. Babu Jagjivan ram was one of the lamps who showed the path of independence to India. Babu Jagjivan ram was unique, brighter than other lamps and was important, as he showed the path of upliftment alongside independence, to the depressed class which were in the darkness of discrimination, illiteracy and unawareness.

He showed the path by leading from the front. His meteoric rise in public life saw him emerge as an eminent and popular political leader, who devoted his entire life working for the welfare of the country. He belonged to the vintage era of modern Indian politics. As national leader, parliamentarian, Union Minister and champion of depressed classes, he had a towering presence and played a long innings spanning half a century in Indian politics. His enduring and quintessentially twentieth century political legacy reminds us of the fervour, idealism and indomitable spirit of India's political leadership that not only fought and won freedom for the country, but also laid the firm foundation for a modern, democratic polity. Gifted with a flair for political leadership and moved by the ideals and goals of the socio-political events that enveloped the country, Babu Jagjivan Ram played a significant role in scripting our country's political and constitutional development and social change. A passionate leader dedicated to public life, he enjoyed immense respect from all quarters. Widely admired for his leadership qualities and organizational abilities, he always remained a force to be reckoned with-in Indian politics.

What is SANSKARAs or Samskaras (Sanskrit: संस्कार)?

What is Samskaras or SANSKARAs (Sanskrit: संस्कार)?

SANSKARA is a practice which we follow by observing our elder generation and mutually follow them. SANSKARA is when a child observes his father shaving; he applies shaving cream on his own cheek or when a child sees her mother applying make-up, then she tries it on herself. it is in general more of observation and following .

SANSKARA has nothing to do with caste, religion, politics, idealism or secularism. It is the practice which we are trained to do. If born as a Hindu, & I practice religious rituals or sing religious rhymes, and continuous constant practice worship by following a particular religious method, than it does not mean that I am a religious person or I believe in god. It is simply a SANSKARA, a practice that I was trained to perform from my childhood. Younger generations tend to copy the older generation, as it gives a sense of social inclusion on a bigger platform.  Nature has given humans diverse needs. And to fulfill these needs there is a need for society and these societies bring the need for social inclusion.

Thursday, 9 February 2017

The Fearless Modi in Rajyasabha & Shameless Congress: Raincoat and theDrought

At 2.00 AM today, I jumped onto my bed after closing the lid of my laptop hoping a somewhat good sleep. However, I just browsed through youtube on my mobile to see if there are new alien or UFO videos by my subscribed channels. Luckily, I saw what I have missed yesterday evening. I could not tune in to Rajyasabha for the PM Modi's address on the motion of thanks to the president, Pranab da. It was uploaded on Modi's official youtube channel. Impressed by his previous address in the Loksabha, I could not resist myself. Once played, believe me, it was never stopped until it was over. What shocked me the most was the utterly shameful behaviour by the so-called 'members of the upper house' of the Congress party. Are you serious? Booing and trolling in Rajyasabha? And a shameless 'show the back to truth' attitude? Are we even serious? Nevertheless, as always, Narendra Modi was sharp, pin-pointed and unequivocally angry on the blatant remarks made by our kathputali economist Dr. Manmohan Singh. Last night must have been a nightmare for Dr. Manmohan Singh, the former failed prime minister of India who spent his reign understanding what the rights of the PM of India are...

Wednesday, 8 February 2017

Failed Prince & The Renegade Son: The Great UP Elections 2017!

I was listening to the address by PM Narendra Modi in the lower house of Parliament today. He was stupendous, with his facts and as ever, eloquent! He started with the 'bhukamp' remark and I could not stop myself from smiling as all others too. All the heads turned towards that corner of the house where our dear 'earthquake man' usually sits. He was not there, however. Yes, I am talking of the 'failed prince'. These days, Rahul Gandhi, the 'failed prince' of Congress, is busy with the Akhilesh Yadav, the 'renegade son' of UP's strongest family. I was thinking to write something on their newly discovered melting point in the politics. Today, listening to PM, I was inspired. When Modi did not leave any opportunity wasted, how could I?